261 years ago today, the fourth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, John Marshall, was born. Marshall presided over some of the most influential early cases before the Court, including Marbury v. Madison, which established the principle of judicial review.
Also on this day in 1789, President George Washington signed the Judiciary Act of 1789, which established the Federal Court system.
To learn more about John Marshall and the history of the Federal Court system, check out our film An Independent Judiciary.
Happy Constitution Day! Commemorate the signing of the Constitution 229 years ago and check out the Annenberg Classroom website for a list of educational resources (including the Constitution Project films!) all about our founding document.
Check out the latest film in the Constitution Project Series, Freedom of the Press: New York Times v. United States. Freedom of the Press has been guaranteed by the Constitution for over 200 years. It’s right there in the First Amendment to the Bill of Rights. But almost as soon as the ink was dry on the First Amendment, people in power started to challenge its protections — and they haven’t stopped throughout its 200 year history.